NORTHWOOD — Interstate 35 in Worth County, near the Northwood exit, was closed for a couple of hours Tuesday afternoon as authorities negotiated with a motorist who’d been waving a gun at other vehicles. Officer Dana Knutson of the Iowa State Patrol says just before one o’clock, the Minnesota State Patrol started pursing a car.“The subject was waving a gun at others. The pursuit crossed into Iowa and then stopped south of Highway 105. He refused to get out of the car and be taken into custody for a while,” Knutson says. “We had negotiators and tactical units involved in coming to a peaceful resolution.”Both northbound and southbound Interstate-35 was closed as a precaution.“Just trying to limit exposure to innocent bystanders,” the trooper says.The man, 52-year-old Moses Cruz, was taken into custody and is being held in the Worth County jail awaiting arraignment on charges in Iowa. It is expected that he will face additional charges in Minnesota.
Two contrasting views on the mind/body problem appeared in science journals recently. In Nature this week,1 Paul Bloom (Yale) reviewed The Ethical Brain (Dana Press, 2005) by Michael S. Gazzaniga, a member of the President’s Council on Bioethics. Bloom felt the need to clarify the difference between theological and evolutionary views on the source of ethics, because he felt Gazzaniga was careless about specifying the existence and source of moral sensibilities. Bloom was frank and earnest about the distinction:Gazzaniga is a lot less cautious when it comes to the implications of neuroscience for ethics in general. As he puts it in his preface, “I would like to support the idea that there could be a universal set of biological responses to moral dilemmas, a sort of ethics, built into our brains. My hope is that we soon may be able to uncover these ethics, identify them, and begin to live more fully by them. I believe we live by them largely unconsciously now, but that a lot of suffering, war, and conflict could be eliminated if we could agree to live by them more consciously.” This conclusion would follow if our universal moral sense had been implanted by an all-knowing and all-loving God. But biological evolution is a notoriously amoral force. Innate moral universals would have been shaped by the selective advantages that arise from caring for our kin and cooperating with our neighbours, but nothing in our genes tells us that slavery is wrong, or that men and women deserve equal rights. Such insights emerge through individual and group processes that engage all of our faculties, including our innate moral sense, but also the capacity to appreciate abstract arguments, formulate analogies, learn from experience, take other’s perspectives and so on. Much of moral progress consists of using reason to override our gut feelings. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)A very different view of the mind has been published by the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society2 by Jeffrey Schwartz, a friend of intelligent design leader William Dembski. Schwartz contends that assuming the brain can produce the mind is based on “ideas about the natural world that have been known to be fundamentally incorrect for more than three-quarters of a century,” namely classical physics compared to quantum physics:Contemporary basic physical theory differs profoundly from classic physics on the important matter of how the consciousness of human agents enters into the structure of empirical phenomena. The new principles contradict the older idea that local mechanical processes alone can account for the structure of all observed empirical data. Contemporary physical theory brings directly and irreducibly into the overall causal structure certain psychologically described choices made by human agents about how they will act. This key development in basic physical theory is applicable to neuroscience, and it provides neuroscientists and psychologists with an alternative conceptual framework for describing neural processes. Indeed, owing to certain structural features of ion channels critical to synaptic function, contemporary physical theory must in principle be used when analysing human brain dynamics. The new framework, unlike its classic-physics-based predecessor, is erected directly upon, and is compatible with, the prevailing principles of physics. It is able to represent more adequately than classic concepts the neuroplastic mechanisms relevant to the growing number of empirical studies of the capacity of directed attention and mental effort to systematically alter brain function.In effect, you cannot get mind out of matter, because this is precluded by quantum physics. Dembski explains that this proposition “challenges the materialism endemic to so much of contemporary neuroscience,” and “argues for the irreducibility of mind (and therefore intelligence) to material mechanisms.”1Paul Bloom, “Dissecting the right brain,” Nature 436, 178-179 (14 July 2005) | doi: 10.1038/436178a.2Schwartz, Stapp and Beauregard, “Quantum physics in neuroscience and psychology: a neurophysical model of mind-brain interaction,” Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, The Royal Society, 0962-8436 (Paper) 1471-2970 (Online).Bloom properly distinguished the stark contrast between theological and evolutionary explanations for ethics, but he committed logical fallacies in supporting the latter. He borrowed Christian words like innate moral sense, appreciate, reason and progress which are undefined terms in the Darwin Dictionary. How can he decide that the amorality of evolution is “notorious” without making a value judgment? His argument shoots itself in the foot and thus leaves the alternative, the proposition that “our universal moral sense had been implanted by an all-knowing and all-loving God,” the logical choice. The paper by Schwartz does not establish the theological origin of our innate moral sense, but undercuts one more materialist assumption for the alternative – at least temporarily. Since science is tentative, today’s quantum theory may not be a final theory: it cannot serve as an ultimate foundation. Any ethical system not based on absolutes and the assumption of an all-knowing and all-loving God is doomed to become merely a matter of personal opinion and social convention, and thus not a moral system at all. The Bible offers a sure standard, a bulwark of moral confidence for troubling times.(Visited 19 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest This Spring, the Ohio State University is testing out the new Early Riser high speed planter from Case IH. The Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins found Andrew Klopfenstein, Project Coordinator with Ohio State’s Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department, as fields were being planted at speeds ranging from 5 mph to 12 mph+ in Fayette County.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Caleb Isler, Chapter ReporterNorth Union won the National FFA Agronomy Career Development Event (CDE) at the 92rd National FFA Convention held in Indianapolis. North Union Agronomy team members include Dean Wolfe, Joel Krebehenne, Avery Zwayer, and Kaylee Smith, who all placed in the top 5 individually in the national competition. Zwayer placed second individually in the nation, while Smith placed third right behind Zwayer, and Wolfe and Krebehenne placed fourth and fifth consecutively behind Smith. These top individual placings led the team to take first place in winning the National Championship for the Agronomy CDE.Agronomy is the science and technology of producing crops for food, fiber and fuel. The National FFA Agronomy CDE is a competitive event that tests a participant’s knowledge on being able to identify seeds, insects, soil and crops, and solve a problematic scenario. This is North Union’s fifth National Championship. North Union FFA advisors are Tom Jolliff and Breck Mooneyham.
About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Fulham defender Chambers: We’re improving under Ranieriby Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFulham defender Calum Chambers is adamant the club are improving despite Saturday’s 2-0 loss to West Ham United.The Cottagers are still bottom of the Premier League, having conceded 42 goals in 17 games.But Chambers, currently on loan from Arsenal, says the club are making strides under new boss Claudio Ranieri.”We’ve improved a lot of things over the last few weeks,” Chambers told Standard Sport. “Things are changing, things are looking positive. “We feel we played alright against West Ham, we created chances but we just didn’t put them in the back of the net. We’ve got to stay together, be positive. “We’ve got an important week coming up next week and we have to be ready for that.”We knew how important a game this was for us. We created a lot of chances and didn’t finish them, you can get punished in this league for that.”
NC State scored a huge come-from-behind victory Thursday night, as sophomore forward Beejay Anya hit a game-winning jump hook with no time remaining on the clock against LSU to move his team to the third round of the NCAA Tournament. As you’d imagine, the fans back in Raleigh were just a bit excited. The below video, which shows a few hundred students celebrating on campus, has gone viral.Here’s Anya’s shot, for those who missed it. The party is on in Raleigh. The Wolfpack will get No. 1 Villanova on Saturday, and if they win that one, look out.
Kent Driscoll APTN National News$300-million is being spent renovating the airport in Iqaluit.Part of the deal is that the contractor was supposed to hire a certain percentage of Inuk workers.Is that [email protected] @kentdriscoll
VANCOUVER – Eldorado Gold Corp. is temporarily postponing its decision to suspend work at its operations in northern Greece as it begins talks with the Greek government.The company (TSX:ELD) has been embroiled in a fight with the Greek government over its gold mining operations in the country.Eldorado accused the government of delaying key permits and licenses and threatened last week to suspend investment.Since then, the government has issued several permits and approved a key technical study for the closure of an old mine.It also served formal notice that it would initiate an arbitration hearing regarding the company’s Madem Lakkos metallurgical plant.Eldorado chief executive George Burns says the company is “confident” that the arbitration process will be concluded in a timely and efficient manner.The decision came as about 200 company workers protested outside the Development Ministry in Athens, demanding the government ensure Eldorado continues operating.The workers gathered outside the ministry building during the morning rush hour Thursday, banging their hard hats on the road and holding banners saying “Yes to Development.”— With files from The Associated Press
FREDERICTON – A New Brunswick retiree who just wanted to buy cheaper suds is about to find out if his 2012 beer run to Quebec will change the nature of Confederation.The Supreme Court of Canada is to make a key ruling Thursday on interprovincial trade, in a case that began when Gerard Comeau was stopped by police with 14 cases of beer and three bottles of liquor in his trunk.“I’m a Canadian citizen. I can go and shop wherever I want. You can buy clothes, shoes, jewellery, everything and bring it over. How come beer is limited?” Comeau said Wednesday from his home in Tracadie, a small community in the northeast of the province.The low-key, 64-year-old retired NB Power linesman was fined nearly $300.But a New Brunswick trial judge ruled that the charge violated constitutional law, overturning a ban on bringing alcohol across provincial boundaries.It quickly became a test case with wide implications.Comeau’s lawyer has said the ruling could have the power to shift a host of laws across the country governing everything from selling chickens to how engineers and other professionals work across provincial lines. Some trade experts have said a Comeau victory could trigger lawsuits across the country seeking to dismantle similar government-run corporations for cannabis.Many provinces have intervened in the case against Comeau, while a team of lawyers with an interest in the constitutional issues offered to represent him for free, and the Canadian Constitution Foundation volunteered its assistance.He said he never would have been able to afford the legal fight without the help.“Any of these big cases they’ll drag it and drag it until you’re out of money and have to give up,” he said.At issue is a section of the New Brunswick Liquor Control Act prohibiting anyone in the province from having more than 12 pints of beer not purchased through a liquor store in the province.The trial judge said the law is at odds with Section 121 of the Constitution Act, which reads “All articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of any one of the provinces shall, from and after the union, be admitted free into each of the other provinces.”Judge Ronald LeBlanc said the original framers of the Constitution never intended that laws should blatantly block the free flow of goods within their new country.During that trial, a senior vice-president of the New Brunswick Liquor Corp., said Quebec prices are cheaper because the producers deal directly with the retailers and the government doesn’t add a mark-up.He said in New Brunswick, where the sale of liquor must be through NB Liquor outlets, the corporation adds a mark-up of as much as 89.8 per cent.The New Brunswick government has argued that the case threatens to end Canadian federalism as it was originally conceived. But Comeau said his interest is more personal.“I want to know about me as an individual. Can I go and buy whatever I want, wherever I want and take it home? It’s a simple question. That’s what I want to know,” he said.Comeau said he continues to buy cheaper beer in Quebec — as recently as last weekend.“It doesn’t change my life much. I’m still Gerard Comeau,” he said laughing.Comeau is also hoping to finally be reimbursed for the trunkload of alcohol that was seized more than five years ago.