Center for International Studies hosts 2011 Nobel Peace Prize Winner

first_imgMaya Bulgerhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/maya-bulger/ Twitter ReddIt ReddIt Maya Bulger is a junior at Texas Christian University from Detroit, Michigan. Maya is pursuing a major in journalism and a minor in business. In her spare time she loves to watch sports, workout, read, hike, travel and bake. Linkedin Gbowee’s established the “Women of Liberia Mass Action in Peace” in response to the second Liberian Civil War where hundreds of thousands of people died from 1999 to 2003.“As global problems seem more and more pressing, and overwhelming, Ms. Gbowee brings a message of the impact we can each have as individuals if we see the humanity of others and work for peace,” Tracy Williams, associate director of the Center for International Studies said. “Ms. Gbowee shows the impact of working together across religious, cultural and racial divides for peace and justice.”Gbowee explained a time where she took the opportunity to empower a young girl and a boy who was bullying her. She spoke on the power of women and how a man should treat a woman.“The change that we seek in this world is borderless,” Gbowee said.One student in the crowd said she liked the optimism of Gbowee’s message.“In a world where negativity is constantly spread, it is important to hear a message of hope,” junior Leah Levels said.Gbowee said it is imperative to lead from the heart because “when you [do this] you are invested in what you are doing. It may not necessarily benefit you but you want to see that change.”The Frost Foundation Lectureship for Global Issues is a lecture series dedicated to broadening international understanding by showcasing diverse cultural points of view, according to the Center for International Studies. Leymah Gbowee draws on her personal experiences regarding human rights. Early action option removed from admission process Maya Bulgerhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/maya-bulger/ Track and Field: Senior breaks another school record Maya Bulgerhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/maya-bulger/ Facebook Maya Bulgerhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/maya-bulger/ Facebook TAGSspeaker Two teams added to ‘Meet The Frogs’ Previous articleActivists, Boschini clash over demands for immigrant studentsNext articleAlpha Chi Omega Philanthropy Event Maya Bulger RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history Linkedin + posts printUnless we see ourselves as significant and strategic to the changes that we want to see, we will never get to that place of change, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize laureate said Wednesday evening during a lecture to TCU students, faculty and staff.Nobel Peace Prize winner, human rights leader and peace activist, Leymah Gbowee reflected on her life experiences as she spoke about peace, hope, and bravery as the 2018 Frost Foundation lecturer.“It is time for all of us to find it in our heart to decide that it is time for us to make a move,” Gbowee said. Maya Bulger World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Get to know the TCU admission counselors Welcome TCU Class of 2025last_img read more

South African rugby in 2012

first_img19 December 2012Sitting back at the end of the year, one realises with the advantage of hindsight that 2012, while not a vintage year for South African rugby, was a pretty decent year nonetheless, highlighted by a victory in the IRB Junior World Championships on home soil.The team that South Africans most love to see beaten is New Zealand, so the thrill was even greater when Dawie Theron’s charges defeated the four-time defending champion Baby Blacks 22-16 in the final at Newlands in Cape Town.Adding to the drama was the fact that the Baby Boks began their campaign with a 19-23 loss to Ireland in which they frittered away numerous chances. However, they improved game by game.A 52-3 thrashing of Italy, followed by a superb 28-16 dismantling of England, ultimately left South Africa top of the group.They next cruised to a 35-3 victory over Argentina, who had beaten Scotland, France and Australia in the group stage. And then it was on to the final, which the Baby Boks dominated.Adding a cherry on top, centre Jan Serfontein was named IRB Junior Player of the Year. Paul Dobson was also presented with the IRB Referee Award for Distinguished Service 2012.SpringboksThe Springboks, with Jean de Villiers taking over from John Smit as captain, were a much changed team from the one that did duty in the Rugby World Cup in 2011.They won a three-test series against England, struggled a little in the Castle Rugby Championship and then completed the year by beating Ireland, Scotland and England.South Africa finished third in the Rugby Championship, tied with Australia on 12 points after two wins, one draw and three losses. They did, at least, like New Zealand, finish with a positive points’ differential.The biggest disappointments were a 26-19 loss to Australia in Perth where the Boks led 13-6 at the break, and a 16-16 draw with Argentina in Mendoza. The highlight was a 33-8 thrashing of the Wallabies in the return clash in Pretoria.Ultimately coach Heyneke Meyer gets a pass mark, although some of the Springboks’ play was unimaginative, seemingly based on trying to smash through the opposition with no thought of outsmarting or outflanking them.There were some encouraging signs by the end of the year, though, and a lot of younger players made a convincing step up to test rugby.Bryan HabanaOne of the Springbok veterans, Bryan Habana, had the best year of all. Back in try-scoring form – he finished the year with 47 test tries to his name – the flying winger was named the South African Rugby Player of the Year.He also won the International Rugby Players’ Association (IRPA) Try of the Year for a superb five-pointer against New Zealand in Dunedin, which included a fine chip and chase to score.There was also an individual accolade for Sevens star Cecil Afrika. The former IRB Sevens Player of the Year was elected to join, among others, Habana, Schalk Burger, Shaun Pollock, Mike Horn, Lucas Radebe and Natalie du Toit as a Laureus South Africa ambassador. The company he joins speaks volumes about the regard in which Afrika is held.Afrika, the top scorer and top try scorer in the previous season of the HSBC World Sevens Series, was injured during much of the 2011/12 season and his absence was reflected in the results of the Blitzbokke.They made their only final in Port Elizabeth, but lost out narrowly to New Zealand for the title, with the Kiwis triumphing 31-26. Three times they were eliminated in the semi-finals of the primary Cup competition.Super RugbyIn Super Rugby, the Stormers topped the standings after the completion of the round robin matches, with 14 wins and only two defeats.Incredibly, the team from the Western Cape was the only one that failed to earn a bonus point for scoring four tries in a match. That fact also shines a light on the team’s stubborn defence, which was the best in the competition by some distance.The Stormers were joined in the playoffs by both the Bulls and the Sharks, while New Zealand was represented by the Chiefs and Crusaders and Australia by the defending champion Reds.The Crusaders accounted for the Bulls in Christchurch in the qualifying finals, winning 28-13, but the Sharks upset the Reds in Brisbane, scoring an impressive 30- 17 victory.After that win, the team from Durban had to head back to South Africa and take on the Stormers in Cape Town. In a tight contest, the Sharks booked their place in the final with a 26-19 defeat of the Stormers. The Chiefs, meanwhile, edged the Crusaders 20-17 to ensure they hosted the title decider in Hamilton.The long distance travelling finally caught up to the Sharks in the final and they succumbed 37-6 to the Chiefs, who were first time winners of the Super Rugby title.Nonetheless, the fact that South Africa had three teams in the six-team playoff was very encouraging. The Cheetahs finished 10th, but given their limited resources and injuries, could be satisfied with their results.The Lions, though, continued to struggle with Super Rugby and propped up the table with only three wins in 13 matches. In 2013, they will be replaced by the Southern Kings, a regional team based in Port Elizabeth.Currie CupThe Currie Cup, South Africa’s leading provincial competition, had its format changed for 2012, with it being divided into two divisions of six teams. This led to a much more evenly contested Premier Division than before, which was the aim of the move.The Natal Sharks finished top of the table with seven wins in 10 matches. They were joined in the play-offs by the defending champion Golden Lions, with six wins, and Western Province and the Blue Bulls, with five wins and five defeats each.In the semi-finals, the Sharks defused the challenge of the Bulls, winning 20-3 in Durban, while Western Province ended the Golden Lions’ reign with a 21-16 victory in Johannesburg.The Springbok-laden Sharks were hot favourites to lift the title in the final in Durban. They had beaten the men from the Cape twice in the round robin, and also won twice in the Super Rugby competition against the Stormers, but Western Province didn’t buy into the predicted script and ran out 25-18 winners.Inspired by a strong crop of young players, it was their first Currie Cup title in 11 years.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? 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Nitrogen management, redux

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest With a slow start to spring corn planting, we also do not have our pre-plant nitrogen on yet in many cases. For both economical and environmental reasons it is better to wait to apply, so this may be a win-win.Yes, phosphorus (P) is a big concern for Lake Erie, but nitrogen (N) is also another culprit in excessive algal growth both to the north and to the south. And while we lose 1.5 to 2 pounds of P per acre we may lose 35, to 55, to 165 pounds of nitrogen or even “everything you applied.” This adds up to real money, if N is priced at fifty cents per pound — maybe $18 to $90 an acre. These warm spring rains are also a reminder of why we do not apply fall nitrogen in Ohio.So what is the right rate for nitrogen on corn? Table 9 of the Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations, written in 1995, says to use a yield goal approach for your nitrogen recommendation — for example with corn yield goal of 180 bushels per acre you would need 190 pounds of N in a corn-soybean rotation. I spent the winter trying to convince farmers that we are pretty confident in our use of the Tri-State soil test values to set recommendations for P and K, not so for nitrogen however.Since the early 2000s, soil fertility specialists have been saying it’s not about setting a yield goal and then determining your N rate because too many factors other than yield determine your N needs. Weather is the big one.Chart 1 shows Ohio nitrogen rate studies conducted over the past five years with little response to increasing the rate once we are above 100 pounds of N. If you look closely you can see the high yield for zero N on the left is about 160 bushels per acre and the low yield for 250 pounds of N on the right side of the chart is also about 160 bushels per acre. Unless we can do a better job of predicting when these two occurrences will happen, we really cannot get the right N rate for corn. Chart 1. Nitrogen rate trials at Western Agricultural Research Station, 2010 to 2014.Chart 1 N trials at WARS So how do we make N recommendations in Ohio? We use statistics to determine the range over which we get the greatest response from our nitrogen. We use data from trials in Ohio so we also have our weather included as part of the equation. And we factor in the price of nitrogen and the value of corn to bring in the economics. Chart 2 shows that our best economic return to nitrogen for $3.50 corn and $0.50 N is at about 161 pounds of N per acre. With a range of 15 pounds to either side giving us about the same return — within $1. The top line (gross return) does go up with increasing N rate but is not economically wise, as more N makes more corn but with decreasing return for the dollar spent. Chart 2. Maximum return to N rate chart for Ohio corn.Chart 2 Ohio N rate curve Current recommendations from Ohio State University are to use this economic model to set our corn nitrogen rate. The Maximum Return To N (MRTN) concept was developed by soil fertility specialists from across the north central region. This is a regional Cornbelt wide approach for nitrogen rate guidelines.The calculator for this MRTN is available on the Iowa State University website: http://extension.agron.iastate.edu/soilfertility/nrate.aspx. You can go there to get the best suggestion on your nitrogen rate, even run some different scenarios. You’ll need to know:Your statePrevious crop — corn or soybeansPrice of NExpected sales price for a bushel of cornThe MRTN housed at Iowa State does use Ohio data from a range of years that we provided after conducting trials on Ohio farms across several years.Another good place to find Ohio N rate recommendations and discussion of why we no longer set rates by yield goal can be found on the Agronomic Crops website under the Fertility section: http://agcrops.osu.edu/specialists/fertility/fertility-fact-sheets-and-bulletins.Here you will also find the Ohio Economic Nitrogen Based Recommendation Calculator, an Excel spreadsheet, as developed by Robert Mullen our former soil fertility specialist. Results look a lot like the Iowa State University model because Robert prepared the data for that tool from Ohio trial data, too.So as you apply your nitrogen this year, think about what rate you should apply to get maximum benefit. The way the old-timers did it or by understanding that just yield goals are not the only factor in choosing that N rate. Think also about delaying the majority of that application until sidedress time, to reduce the likelihood of N loss to the environment.last_img read more

The Worst House I Ever Audited Was Built in 2008

first_imgThe worst house I ever auditedThis leads us to the blue ribbon example — the worst house I ever audited — which was built in … wait for it … 2008. (OK, maybe I already blew the surprise.)Buildings from every era of construction have issues. Many problems, like minimum insulation levels, are ironed out by the building code. But some construction flaws are not yet addressed by building code; these often stem from a poor combination of building type and construction technique. And if we’re real lucky it all happens in one building at the same time. The solutionsMoisture – One of the biggest challenges was tightening a building envelope with so much moisture. It’s a very bad sign when a house with a 6,200 cfm50 blower door reading, flying through 1,200 to 1,500 gallons of oil each year, is having condensation and mold problems.Loads of energy pumped into a building enclosure and more air flow usually means more drying. If we just air sealed without any provisions for reducing moisture levels, the mold could potentially explode. It helps not at all to fix one problem and create another. This meant reducing moisture was the first priority.Improving the exterior water management was tackled first (by getting rid of the pond in the front yard). Rainwater and snow melt were overwhelming the foundation’s existing footing drain, so it needed some help. The plan was to do the exterior work first, give it a couple months and track the interior humidity levels. If they came down, great. If not, we would include some more interior moisture management.The homeowner was fully committed to fixing all of the existing problems, so out came the backhoe. The contractor hired for the external water mitigation trenched down to the footer drain. We were pleasantly surprised to find the footer drain nicely wrapped in a drainage screen and relatively clear of muck and blockage. It was functioning — just being overwhelmed by the hill drainage’s massive water volume pressure.Once it was exposed, the entire sub-grade hillside section of the foundation was coated with two layers of UGL Drylok. This concrete sealant is waterproof and vapor semi-impermeable, providing much more protection against infiltration that the bitumen damp-proofing.Once the trench was filled back in, we landscaped the hillside ground, creating an aggressive drainage slope. About 8 feet out from the house, leaving space for some landscaping later, we added a topside French drain. A 24 inch trench was dug across, and we laid a perforated 4-inch pipe at the bottom wrapped in drainage screen. The trench was filled with 1-inch crushed stone. Luckily, the hill provided a natural gravity drain out the sides.We added a rain gutter with drains extended 10 feet down the side of the house. Normally adding a gutter can exacerbate ice dam problems. When clogged with snow, a gutter gives melting snow a natural stop point. But we would be address the attic insulation and air sealing, so (in balance) limiting foundation water was more important.The next job was sealing the interior concrete. Normally, sealing concrete in high moisture situations may lead to upward capillary movement in the concrete. You see this in New England when older foundations are close to grade with no capillary break. That was not a worry here, as the pressure-treated sill plate was installed with a foam capillary break. The foundation floors were coated with 2 layers of Drylok. We left the walls alone, as we’d be applying closed-cell spray foam later, itself a vapor barrier.Next we evaluated the improvements. We left several humidistats throughout the basement and house and the homeowner checked them regularly, recording the relative humidity. Once we had several weeks of data showing that the humidity and moisture had come down (no more window condensation), we moved on to insulation and weatherization.Time would prove that an extra step like adding an interior perimeter drain was not necessary.Ventilation – Because we would be tightening the envelope up a great deal, we made provisions for combustion air for the heating system and a heat exchange ventilation system.One might not think that this house with its extreme air leakage would need mechanical ventilation. But we would be doing a lot of air sealing, and more importantly would be sealing the entire ceiling, cutting off any stack effect driven air flow. Adding mechanical ventilation set to meet the ASHRAE 62.2 ventilation standard made sense (and I say this with no intention of starting a ventilation flame war in the comments).Air sealing and insulation: the attic – One stroke of luck was that the cathedral ceiling was constructed with scissor trusses and there was enough space to work from the top. This allowed easy access to the back of tongue-and-groove ceiling boards, the open chimney framing, the unsealed soffit vents, the skylight, and the recessed light canisters. All good news.The existing fiberglass batts (two layers of crossed unfaced 9-inch fiberglass batts) were pulled aside carefully. The batts were in good shape, so they would be retained and re-installed.The recessed lights were encapsulated with drywall boxes and caulked. The gap around the chimney was covered with light-gauge aluminum flashing and sealed with high-temperature caulk.The soffit vents were sealed with solid foam blocks flush against the exterior wall’s top plate and the existing foam vents. The top of the marriage wall between the garage and main house was sealed.Finally, 2 inches of closed-cell spray foam was applied to the attic side of the tongue-and-groove ceiling boards and skylight framing. Once the foam had cured, the fiberglass batts were replaced.After all the air sealing and insulation work was completed, the blower door test out showed a leakage rate of 1,925 cfm50. Not ridiculously tight, but less than a third of the initial reading.Air sealing and insulation: the basement – The basement/garage was next. I’ve never been a fan of defining the thermal enclosure at the garage door. The garage door is too difficult to insulate and air seal satisfactorily. The garage occupied the left-hand third of the basement, under the master bedroom.We pulled down a one-foot strip of ceiling drywall and pulled out the fiberglass. I know we saved the fiberglass in the attic, but the garage ceiling was more problematic.InsulWeb was tacked in over the gap in the drywall and we installed dense-packed cellulose. We patched and mudded the drywall; all the cracks and penetrations were sealed with foam sealant and caulk. The open space over the interior frame walls were blocked and sealed.Lastly, all of the basement walls and sills were sprayed with 2 inches of closed-cell spray foam and intumescent fire-retardant paint.Heating system – The single heating zone did a terrible job of supplying heat uniformly. Rather than re-zone, we decided to see how the house worked after the weatherization effort. The homeowner added 2-inch-thick closed-cell foam pipe insulation to the entire hot water loop and other hot water pipes. BLOGS BY ERIC NORTH Is R-Value Dead as a Dodo?Blower Doors Have Become EssentialMajor Thermal BypassesFlash and Batt InsulationExterior Insulation Is Like Like A Sweater For Your HouseHeat Loss from Air Is No Big Deal, Right? One thing that sets my teeth on edge as an energy auditor is when folks assume that a new home won’t have energy problems or be inefficient. A friend recently mentioned that weatherization and efficiency work must have a great market with Maine’s old housing stock but would be pointless in new homes. *Commence ripping out hair.*The reality is that 99.99% of all homes can be substantially improved for efficiency and savings. And this absolutely, 100%, includes houses built in the last 5 or 10 years. New means a great many things, but energy efficient is not necessarily one of them. Like an auditor friend says, “A house built to code is the worst house you’re legally allowed to build.” Problems solved?We checked back periodically over the next couple of years. The husband has been closely tracking the energy data (or had been, as of about a year ago). The heating bills were around 40% of their previous levels and the moisture issues have largely disappeared.In the interim, the folks had gone ahead and re-zoned the heating system into three zones and added an outdoor reset control. It was mostly “happily ever after” – except for the fact that it took a lot of work to arrive at that point. The house was a 2008 ranch built into a hillside. It had an attached garage with a centrally located chimney. The garage was on the basement level with a driveway sculpted into the hill slope. The master bedroom was over the garage, where the chimney was framed in between the garage and main house.An open-concept kitchen was just off a cathedral ceiling great room that occupied a large chunk of the floor plan. The house had a lovely view with the surrounding hills, framed with autumnal foliage. The front of the house faced south, providing lovely evening sun. You could see why someone would buy it.center_img The problemsMoisture – The issues at hand were many … oh so many. First off, the moisture. The house had been built into a hill. Anyone who was done some landscaping can see where this is headed. The footprint was perpendicular to the foot of a long swale on the hillside, funneling massive amounts of spring thaw or rainwater down its 300-foot-long slope.The hillside face of the house had a solid 40-foot-wide depression against the foundation wall. The owner confirmed that on rainy days that water pooled 4 to 6 inches deep against the building. Tens of thousands of pounds of water would flow downhill, where the inexorable pressure would force water through the porous concrete. The interior confirmed this; in several places the concrete was damp to the touch.This moisture was causing huge problems in the house. The moisture was radiating from the foundation, condensing on windows and other cool surfaces. Bad, moldy news.Foundation heat loss – The concrete foundation was a massive source of heat loss. The house, like I mentioned, was built into a hillside. In a past article, I wrote about how concrete does a fantastic job holding a house up but a miserable job keeping heat in.On the downhill face of the building, almost the entire foundation wall was exposed. An 8-inch thick concrete wall has an R-value of around 1. So a 1-foot thick foundation wall would be around R-1.5 (allowing for variations for the mix).With a normal foundation, 18 or 24 inches of the foundation may be above grade (above ground). The downhill side of this home’s foundation was entirely exposed. The wall was nearly 35 feet long (excluding the garage), and between 4 to 8 feet of the wall extended above grade. That R-1.5 mentioned earlier is close to the R-value for a window. Imagine an almost 250-square-foot window. That’s some serious heat loss.Bonus room over the garage – The finished room over the garage was something of a modern residential construction disaster. It was almost beautiful in its wrongness. Even years later, I still have trouble conceiving more things that could be wrong with a building built to code.Where to begin? The master bedroom over the garage had a cathedral ceiling finished with tongue-and-groove boards. The cathedral ceiling extended to most of the first floor, and was perforated with recessed light cans and – what the hell – a skylight.The tongue-and-groove boards had no air barrier behind them. Between the tongue-and-groove finish boards and the leaky recessed light fixtures, stack effect driven air was flowing pretty unimpeded right out of the house.Fiberglass batts were installed flush on the back of the tongue-and-groove boards. When you lifted the batts, there were horizontal streaks where the glass fibers filtered out dust particles. The blower-door test confirmed the visual evidence, registering 6,200 cfm50 for a house a shade over 1,600 square feet. For the non-blower door folks, that’s a monstrous number for a house that size.The bonus room over the garage was also compromised on almost every side. This is easier to deal with as bullet points:The marriage wall was open and unsealed at the top, allowing warmed interior air to escape.The chimney was built into the house’s gable wall and framed in the finish room. The top was entirely open (like 2 or 3 square feet open), and I could see the garage floor down the shaft.The ceiling of the garage was thoroughly perforated and not remotely an intact air barrier. For example, the door opener brackets had been fastened to the garage ceiling joists, and the drywall was fitted around the brackets. The holes were bad enough that you would see the underside of the bonus room’s plywood subfloor.The garage door did not have an insulated core, and was plenty loose; this made the basement garage what one might optimistically call “semi-conditioned” space.The interior garage framing walls were open over their tops, with only cripple studs attached to the joists.Bonus time: the baseboard hot water pipes had been run through the garage ceiling.Needless to say, that was a pretty damn cold room.Heating system – A brief bit on heating systems. Maine uses mostly oil. The rest of New England has a higher percentage of natural gas, but Maine has oil. I’ve never heard a good reason why, but I suspect it has to do with our mostly rural population. It’s not terribly economical to run gas lines 15 miles to widely spaced towns of 1,200.In any case, oil. Oil heating means oil storage tanks and an exterior fill pipe and vent pipe for the tank. In every single house I’ve seen with a finished room over a garage, the oil pipes, tank and heating system are on the opposite side of the house. You can’t install them (or at least can’t easily install them) on the garage side; nowhere for the fill pipe.The upshot is that the home’s boiler was installed on the far east side, opposite the garage. The heating system had one zone, covering the entire house. It ran clockwise, across the front, through the freezing garage ceiling, and around the back side of the house before returning to the boiler.The hot water ran in uninsulated PEX pipes 6 inches from nearly 50 feet of uninsulated sills and concrete foundation wall, 30 feet of uninsulated top plate and another 50 feet of uninsulated concrete. Why were the north side rooms so cold? They had no sun and no heat was reaching them. Gah! So what’s the problem?So, why did the homeowners call me? First, there were tremendous comfort and heating issues. Many of the rooms were cold, even though the heating bills were through the roof. The house had a clean north-south orientation, meaning good sun on the south. But the north-facing rooms were uniformly and brutally cold.The basement was standard: modern slab and wall construction with formed concrete. It was a thoroughly modern installation with capillary breaks, exterior bitumen damp-proofing, and sub-slab capillary breaks (allegedly … there are no tools in the auditor’s bag to check that one).All that — and the basement still had huge humidity and moisture problems. There was evidence of standing water, flooding, spalling, and efflorescence. The moisture content of the sill plate was in the high 30s, despite the capillary break, and the basement’s relative humidity was a tick under 70% in March.The bonus room over the garage was frigid and the heating system was delivering very little heat to it. The bonus room had an extended cathedral ceiling connected to the ceiling of the main living room.And, as a cherry on top, the homeowners were blowing through a roll of paper towels every other day. The humidity was condensing on many of the windows, which were starting to mold. See … it’s not just heating bills, it’s the supermarket bill too. RELATED ARTICLES Basement-to-Living Space Moisture ProblemsHow to Insulate a Basement WallHow to Build an Insulated Cathedral CeilingQ&A: Air seal a tongue-and-groove ceiling?Q&A: Insulating a tongue-and-groove ceiling Erik North, the owner of Free Energy Maine, is an energy auditor and home performance specialist in Westbrook, Maine. He is also the author of the Energy Auditing Blog.last_img read more

DaVinci Resolve 15 Video Crash Course — Basic Settings

first_imgIn Resolve, there are two settings menus: the system preferences and project settings. First, let’s look at the system preferences, which you can find by navigating to DaVinci Resolve > Preferences. Let’s look at a few settings that you may need to change when first loading up resolve.Memory and GPUThe very first window is the Memory and GPU panel; in here, you can limit how much RAM Resolve uses. Now, the more you allocate to Resolve, the less there is for other processes, which may, in turn, make things worse. However, if you find that Resolve is behaving sluggishly, see if you can increase the memory in this panel. (Even though I have 16gb installed, I can only use up to 75 percent.)Audio I/OI often switch between using my monitors and headphones, and sometimes, if it’s open when you’re changing the system volume, Resolve can get confused. If that’s ever the case, head into the Video & Audio I/O, and here you can configure your audio output.Alternatively, if you want to keep your system volume oriented to the monitors, you can use this panel to change from the system default to your headset. On a basic level, I think these two are the only options you need to know. Although, I would say, for good measure, read up on the autosave feature.Project SettingsIf the system settings affect the hardware, the project settings affect the project and software, like the resolution and frame rate. To get here, you need to head to the bottom right, where we have a cog icon. Let’s first look at timeline resolution because this can sometimes catch people out.As I mentioned in Episode 3, you set your timeline resolution when you create a project, when you create a timeline, or when you first import a clip that doesn’t match the default settings — Resolve will ask if you want to make adjustments. If for example, you want to switch from 4K to 1080p so you can crop the 4K footage, you would open the project settings, and change the timeline resolution to 1080p. (However, look at what happens when we do this — see video.)The 4K footage in the viewer has remained the same scale. If we were to insert a 4K file onto a 1080p timeline, then we would have to decrease the scale of the 4K file to fit into the viewer completely, right? But Resolve has an image scaling process that will change how your footage interacts with a timeline with a different resolution.To adjust these properties, we need to drop down one panel to Image Scaling. Here, you will find an Input Scaling option, which controls the resolution of mismatched media. The default says “scale entire image to fit,” which is what happened to our footage. However, we can change that to “center crop with no resizing,” and when we do so, the image in the timeline has resorted to its recorded resolution.There may be a time when you’re working with 4K and you want the majority of clips to decrease in scale, leaving only a few at the default size so you can crop and zoom in and so forth. Well, changing the entire timeline properties is going to be cumbersome. So, instead, after changing the timeline resolution, close the settings panel, select the 4K clip that you want to keep at default size, open the inspector, and scroll down to the scaling section. Here, instead of using the project settings, change them to crop, which will then override the 1080p project setting.Optimized MediaLet’s look at one more basic setting that may improve your Resolve workflow if you feel like playback is sluggish. There’s no denying that Resolve needs a somewhat-powerful machine to operate efficiently. However, even my computer, which is reasonably well-kitted-out, struggles with high-resolution files with a significant data rate. There are two things we can do to lighten the load. We can go to Playback > Proxy mode and lower the resolution of the playback.You can see the drastic decrease when I switch playback to a quarter resolution. (It’s important to remember that when you’re doing this, you’re not doing anything to clips of the timeline; it’s just a playback setting.) However, as you can see, this isn’t ideal if we’re editing footage that requires close analysis of the details in the shot. Everything is blurred. So, what we can do is generate optimized media.To do this, you right-click on a clip and select “generate optimized media.” Resolve will then create a proxy file at a lower resolution and format for real time playback. But what resolution and format? Well, let’s head back to Project Settings > Master Settings and scroll until you reach Optimized Media and Render Cache. Here you can choose what resolution and format you want for these files.So, we’ve only skimmed the surface of editing in Resolve in this miniseries; there’s so much more to this software, but as with most things, you’ll primarily learn by running into an obstacle, searching for a solution, and implementing the fix. So, if you do get stuck, you can find a library of solutions here.We hope, if you’re entirely new to editing in Resolve, that after this crash course you’ll have a basic understanding of how to edit with the software. Good luck!Interested in the tracks we used to make this video?“Relaxing in Vermont” by Chill Study“Brooklyn Drive” by Chill Study“Be Gentle” by Ben BeinyLooking for more DaVinci Resolve tutorials? Check these out.DaVinci Resolve 15 Video Crash Course — Delivering Your ContentDaVinci Resolve 15 Video Crash Course — Working with Audio on The Edit PageDaVinci Resolve 15 Video Crash Course — The Edit ToolsDaVinci Resolve 15 Video Crash Course — The Edit PageDaVinci Resolve 15 Video Crash Course — The Media Page In part 6 of our six-part video series The DaVinci Resolve 15 Crash Course, we take a look at the basic settings you need to know to use all these tips.In the final episode of the new editor-friendly Resolve 15 crash course, we’re going to cover the remaining settings you need to know to put all these tutorials to use. Don’t worry though: we’re not diving headfirst into technical jargon and advanced settings — we’re just going to cover the settings that new editors might want to check before getting started in Resolve.If you need to brush up on the series, you can watch the first episode here.All right. Let’s get started.last_img read more

SECO: solutions with AMD ‘’Zen’’ CPU & ‘’Vega’’ GPU in a single SoC

first_img Continue Reading Previous MEN: four 10/100/1000BASE-T Ethernet channels over M12-X and CompactPCI SerialNext Tearing into a Zigbee-based LED light SECO will present its new solutions based on AMD Ryzen Embedded V1000 processors featuring AMD “Zen” CPU & “Vega” GPU in a single SoC at electronica 2018: the COMe-B75-CT6, based on COM Express, and the UDOO BOLT, designed for the maker market.The COMe-B75-CT6 is a computer-on-module featuring 2x DDR4 SO-DIMM slots with ECC support and up to 32GB 2400 MT/s. It offers a vast array of choices when it comes to expansion ports, with 5x PCIe and 1x PEG x8 Gen3 Lanes. It also is very flexible in terms of the variety of video interfaces it supports: 3x DDI and eDP or LVDS interfaces.The UDOO BOLT is instead a fully-fledged single-board computer funded on Kickstarter. Targeting the maker market, it is characterised by a very different approach. First and foremost, it is open-source software and hardware. Moreover, it provides a complete toolbox not only for professional developers, designers and startups, but also for the casual user that is looking for a low-cost yet high-end replacement for their desktop PC. It mounts a multitude of embedded controller I/Os as well as an Arduino Leonardo-compatible microcontroller for physical computing. The UDOO BOLT supports the most prevalent operating systems of the PC domain. In terms of expandability, it also is very flexible, coming with 2x USB 3.0 type-A, 2x USB type-C, 2x HDMI 2.0, and 2x DP (USB type-C).Both the COMe-B75-CT6 and the UDOO BOLT feature an AMD “Zen” CPU & “Vega” GPU in one single SoC, characterised by loading edge security (SME/SEV), capability to drive up to four displays in 4K resolutions, VP9 decode support, and extreme scalability (12 W to 54 W).Share this:TwitterFacebookLinkedInMoreRedditTumblrPinterestWhatsAppSkypePocketTelegram Tags: Boards & Modules last_img read more

Newcastle move restores reputations of Dean Richards and the Falcons

first_imgIf signing good players and persuading them to perform above their natural ability was easy, everyone would be doing it. The coaching input of Dave Walder, Micky Ward and Scott MacLeod should not be underestimated but Hogg also salutes Richards’s squad‑building acumen. “He picks players based on what he thinks the squad needs, whether it be a big unit to truck it up the middle or someone with a bit more deft skill. Sometimes it’s not always about the best players, it’s about combinations and how they complement each other.”Should the Falcons upset Exeter it will be no surprise to anyone within Richards’s inner circle. Topics Read more Share via Email Exeter’s Ali Hepher: underestimate British coaches at your peril Read more Facebook Pinterest Dean Richards: ‘England showed an interest. I wouldn’t entertain it now’ The north-east will love him even more if the Falcons can beat Exeter at Sandy Park on Saturday and bring some northern soul to the Twickenham grand final next week. It will be a tall order but Richards, freshly crowned as the Premiership’s director of rugby of the season for the first time in 17 years, has never been a guru who believes in the obvious.“There’s a joke going round that if you ever see Dean out on the field in his tracksuit with a whistle in his mouth take a photo because it’ll be worth an absolute fortune,” says the Falcons’ managing director, Mick Hogan. “In terms of rarity value it’s probably as priceless as a Van Gogh.”More commonplace, according to Hogan, is the sight of the 54‑year‑old former England No 8 bobbing around in the North Sea rather than poring over match DVDs on his days off. “You’ll find him out at sea on his boat fishing. You’d think it must be a bloody strong boat, maybe some sort of decommissioned minesweeper, but apparently it’s a tiny little wooden thing. He loves the outdoor life and you get that in the north-east.”In the same breath, though, Hogan will tell you why Richards has been pivotal to Newcastle’s steady rise since the club signed him in 2012 while he was still in the final months of a three-year ban following the infamous Bloodgate scandal. If moving to the north-east has helped to restore his reputation, he has done the same for the Falcons.“He is absolutely central to it all,” says Hogan. “To me there are two areas where he’s particularly good. Number one: he’s the best recruiter in the game. It’s not just about finding unknowns or signing Niki Goneva … he gets it right at both ends of the spectrum. Twitter Support The Guardian Exeter Rugby union Share on Messenger Dean Richards endured a career setback at Harlequins with the Bloodgate scandal involving Tom Williams, right. Photograph: David Rogers/Getty Images Share on LinkedIncenter_img Share on Pinterest Since you’re here… Dean Richards features Newcastle “He got us all in to a function room and said: ‘Tell your wives and girlfriends you’re going to be here for two hours.’ He then paired up one back and one forward for a three-legged race around every bar in Welford Road, with the first pair back the winner. I think there were 16 bars and you had to have a drink in each of them.”Some old-school habits have endured. Newcastle’s Scotland back-rower Ally Hogg, now in his last days before retirement, has spent eight years with the Falcons and recalls the club’s first big away win in Bristol under Richards after being relegated to the Championship. “We beat them down there and within five minutes we’d stopped at an off-licence and Dean was in buying beers for all the boys for the bus trip home. That was his thing: you had to make sure you bought your opposite number a pint after the game and on every away trip you’d have a few beers to bring everyone together. He has that old‑school mentality, which I think is key to building a good culture.”Organising stop-offs for fish and chips at the Wetherby Whaler, though, has not been the only secret of Richards’s success. Bloodgate was a costly mistake but, as Corry points out, there were other elements to the story. “There was a time when everyone knew behaviour like that went on. We discussed it with England, Richard Cockerill admitted it [opening stitches in a finger wound] in his book. It’s a bit like kicking the Calcutta Cup down Princes Street; there was a time when that was regarded as funny. If it happened now it would be horrific. He’s made mistakes but you learn and change along the way.”According to Corry, that could just be Richards’s most enduring quality. “What makes Deano great is that he’s adaptable. You’d never think he would move with the times, that he’d be the same old Deano, but he’s always managed to stay on top of the game. Look at how he’s come back from what happened at Harlequins. What he’s done at Newcastle is probably more impressive than what he did at Leicester. Yes there are plenty of anecdotes about him, but I think what he’s doing transcends that. You want to play for Dean, the club and your mates. It’s not just painting by numbers.” Premiership “We plucked Tane Takulua from absolutely nowhere and I’d put him up there with any scrum-half in the league now. The other bit he gets is the importance of the academy. It’s very easy for the guy at the top to look week to week because they’re judged on results. Not many are looking at the 16- or 17-year-olds and wondering: ‘Are they going to come good in five years’ time?’ Dean does.”Players of all vintages also relish his occasionally left-field methods. The former England captain Martin Corry, for example, still remembers the instant effect Richards had in his initial months at Leicester. “The transformation was remarkable. He felt the steeliness had gone out of the pack so he and John Wells announced they were going to start mauling against us at training. He always won.”Then there were the off-field bonding initiatives. “When he first took over at Leicester he realised the spirit wasn’t what it should have been,” says Corry. Share on Twitter Sign up for The Breakdown, our weekly rugby union email. Share on Facebook It is 20 years almost to the day since Newcastle last won English rugby’s domestic league title. Coincidentally, 1998 was also the year the iconic Angel of the North sculpture, designed by Antony Gormley, was erected in Gateshead. Both were towering achievements but, for a long time, just one of them seemed to have been built to last.Only now are Newcastle Falcons beginning to stretch their muscular arms once again, guided by a man who has had an even more tumultuous couple of decades. As it happens Dean Richards also made his first foray into management with Leicester in 1998, taking over from Bob Dwyer, and subsequently leading them to four Premiership titles and two European Cups in four seasons. Dragging Newcastle up from the league’s nether regions on a modest budget has, in its own way, been equally impressive. Share on WhatsApp … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay.The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Reuse this contentlast_img read more

10 months agoLiverpool top of table for Christmas after victory at Wolves

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Liverpool top of table for Christmas after victory at Wolvesby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool are four points clear at the top of the table after their 2-0 win at Wolves.Mohamed Salah inspired Liverpool to a victory at Wolves that took them four points clear of Manchester City at the top of the Premier League.The Reds went ahead when Fabinho played a one-two with Sadio Mane and crossed for Salah, who flicked the ball into the net with the outside of his foot.The Egyptian set up Liverpool’s second with a wonderful lofted pass over the home defence, allowing Virgil van Dijk to side-foot a six-yard volley past Rui Patricio.City, the defending champions, play their game in hand on Saturday when they host Crystal Palace, but this victory ensures for Jurgen Klopp’s side will be top on Christmas Day. last_img read more

2 days agoChelsea won’t consider offers for N’Golo Kante

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Chelsea won’t consider offers for N’Golo Kanteby Paul Vegas2 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea won’t consider the sale of N’Golo Kante.The midfielder continues to be linked with a move to Juventus, but reports claim the star is not up for sale.Juve coach Maurizio Sarri is said to be keen on reuniting with Kante in Turin.He is said to have told the club’s vice-chairman Pavel Nedved that Kante should be high on the club’s list of targets.But now according to Sky Italia’s Fabrizio Romano, there is no truth in the rumours.Romano told Calciomercato that there is no negotiations to bring Kante to the Serie A giants despite sporting director Fabio Paratici being a big admirer of the 28-year-old. last_img read more