Role of antioxidant defense during different stages of preadult life cycle in European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis, Hubn.): diapause and metamorphosis

first_imgAntioxidant enzymes, total glutathione (GSH), and ascorbic acid (ASA) were determined in whole body homogenates of nondiapausing larvae, diapausing larvae during the diapausing period (October, December, and February), and in pupae emerged from both diapausing and nondiapausing larvae of the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis, Hubn., Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). The activities of catalase, selenium nondependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), as well as the content of GSH and ASA, were found to vary throughout the larval diapause. Compared to diapausing larvae, nondiapausing larvae were higher in levels of catalose, GPx, GST, and dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) activity. GSH content was also increased. However, nondiapausing larvae contained less ASA than diapausing ones. Pupae had higher GPx and GST activity and an increased ASA content compared to larvae. The pupae emerged from nondiapausing larvae had higher GST, glutathione reductase (GR), and DHAR activities, but lower GPx activity and ASA content than those emerged from diapausing larvae. Correlation analysis revealed differences in the way the antioxidant level is equilibrated for a particular stage and developmental pattern. The results suggest that cellular antioxidants are involved in both the protection of cells and the regulation of redox levels during the pre-adult stages of Ostrinia nubilalis.last_img read more

Trimming of Dune Vegetation at Christian Brothers Property Draws Violation Notice

first_imgThe Christian Brothers, a general contractor and a tree service company received notices of violation Thursday for removing vegetation from the dunes in front of the former Christian Brothers retreat without receiving prior approval. The notified parties will have five days to supply the city with a report on the damage from a qualified environmental specialist that includes a recommendation for remediation.The city will then make a decision on how to proceed from there, Jones said.Joe Seldner, a spokesman for the state Department of Environmental Protection, said Friday that unless excavating were involved, the matter typically would be considered a local issue.But Jones said part of the environmental specialist’s work would include consultation with the DEP. The construction project requires a Coastal Area Facility Review Act (CAFRA) permit from the state.Marzilli said vegetation was removed by pruning but not uprooted.At the site on Friday morning, nearby resident Rita Warren was walking away with bayberry and holly branches. The dunes include a stand of cedar and other small trees.She noted that beachfront properties behind the healthy dune system on that part of the island were unscathed by Superstorm Sandy in October 2012.“People would die for this in front of their houses,” she said.__________Sign up for OCNJ Daily’s free newsletter and breaking news alerts“Like” us on Facebook When neighbors looked across Central Avenue at the Hell Fighters and their wood chipper backed up against the dunes on Thursday morning, they sensed something might not be right.Nearby resident Rita Warren said “people would die for this in front of their houses” of the protective dunes and vegetation in front of the former Christian Brothers Retreat site on the 3000 block of Central Avenue.A work crew from the Hell Fighters Professional Tree Service was removing vegetation from the dunes behind the vacant beachfront lots between 30th and 31st streets that used to be home to the De La Salle Christian Brothers Retreat.The neighbors called another neighbor who immediately called police and the Ocean City code enforcement officer.The public officials were able to stop what appeared to be the start of an attempt to trim a path onto the dune.The Christian Brothers have approval to build four duplexes on the property. Three of the properties are for sale, and the fourth will be retained by the Brothers and is in the construction permitting process, according to Lou Marzilli, the general contractor for the project.Returning from a dentist appointment to the site on Thursday morning, Marzilli said the subcontractors’ foray onto the dune “was an accident.”Lou Marzilli points out intended work to remove dead growth.He said the tree service was instructed only to clear dead growth from the perimeter of the property.“But I take full responsibility,” Marzilli said.Marzilli had met with Ocean City Code Enforcement Officer Bryan Cottrell at the site.Marzilli Construction, Tim McManus of Hell Fighters and the Brothers of the Christian Schools received notices of violation, according to Ocean City Zoning Officer Ken Jones.The local ordinance (Vol. 1, Chapter 21-5.4c) cited reads as follows:Sand Dunes. It shall be unlawful for any person to alter, damage, destroy, disfigure, or walk upon any sand dune as well as for any person to operate, or permit to be operated upon any sand dune any vehicle or construction equipment, without first obtaining the approval of the Construction Code Official. Where a development permit is approved under this Chapter, the Construction Official shall establish standards under which the applicable, or any of his agents or employees may take any action to alter, damage, destroy, disfigure, or walk upon, or permit any vehicles or construction equipment to be operated upon any sand dune on the subject property or adjoining property. In granting such permission, and establishing such standards the Construction Official shall seek to achieve the purpose and intent of this Chapter, which is not to increase the potential flood damage.Alternation, removal, cutting or burning of any dune vegetation, sand fence or such other types of dune stabilization devices is prohibited without the prior written approval of the Construction Code Official.last_img read more

Gibsons factory enters consultation period

first_imgThe owners of a major sandwich business based in Wiltshire have indicated that it may have to close as it is no longer economically viable.Ultimate Foods, which runs the Gibsons factory in Devizes, has entered into a 30-day consultation period with staff over the future of the plant.A total of 95 staff work at the plant, which is one of the largest sandwich making businesses in the country.The company said in a statement that following a thorough analysis of the business, it had concluded that the site was “not viable as a production unit in its current form in the long term”. The statement went on: “While Ultimate Foods will explore every possible option during the 30-day consultation over the future of the Devizes operation, it is very possible that the outcome will be the closure of the site. “The prospect of making hard-working and dedicated employees redundant is probably one of the hardest decisions any business has to make.” Previous owners Uniq announced in 2004 that it would close the factory but Gibsons stepped in and reopened it at the beginning of 2005. However, Gibsons themselves got into trouble when they lost a contract with Weight Watchers and an anticipated contract to supply sandwiches to WH Smith did not materialise. The plant was then taken over by Ultimate Foods.last_img read more

French pastries increasingly eaten by Brits

first_imgTraditional French bakery products are becoming increasingly popular with British consumers, according to a new report out by Mintel. However, toast still comes out on top at breakfast time.Goods such as brioches and pains au chocolat are being eaten more and more for breakfast, and are growing at a faster pace than traditional British baked goods, said Mintel, which suggests bread brands have introduced a wider range of sweet bakery goods for consumers. Sales of brioches rose 25% in 2011 to £38m, from £31m in 2010. Pain au chocolat sales were also up, from £22m in 2010, to £25m in 2011 – an increase of 14%.Alex Beckett, senior food analyst at Mintel, said: “French baked goods, such as brioches, have recorded impressive value growth, suggesting Brits are developing a stronger taste for sweet bakery goods. “The fact that these goods can be eaten at breakfast could suggest this growth is to the detriment of sliced bread. Bread brands can capitalise on this cosmopolitan trend by introducing a wider variety of sweet baked goods to their portfolios.”According to the research group, French pastries are now consumed by around a quarter of Brits (23%), while 24% eat more traditional British baked goods and bread.Toast still tops the charts as the number one breakfast food, though, with up to 81% of British consumers eating it for breakfast. Sales of scones were also growing well, up 19% to £33m in 2011, while hot cross buns saw 7% growth, from £30m in 2010 to £33m in 2011.Other traditional baked items, however, have seen a decline in sales, with English muffins down 3% to £24m.Looking to the bread market, the report also highlighted the impressive growth of bagels – up 48% in just two years to £49m in 2011.Overall, sales of speciality bread (including wraps, naans, bagels, pittas, baguettes, chapattis and paninis) have increased by 8% between 2010 and 2011.last_img read more

The Nth Power And Turkuaz Go Back-To-Back For Powerful Denver Performance [Gallery]

first_imgTurkuaz Load remaining images Turkuaz and The Nth Power are two of the most potent forces in the soul-rock genre today, with each band packing a powerful punch in each performance. Last night, the two shared the stage at Denver’s Bluebird Theater, rocking the venue with a back-to-back display of spellbinding music. Each band has a recently released album in their back pocket, with Turkuaz’s Digitonium and The Nth Power’s Abundance, and there was no shortage of music new and old for fans to enjoy last night.Take a look at some stunning shots, courtesy of Phierce Photo:The Nth Powercenter_img A full gallery from Phierce Photo can be seen below:last_img read more

Watch Anna Kendrick & Jeremy Jordan in First Look at Last Five Years Movie

first_imgIt’s what we’ve been waiting for! Hot on the heels of the news that Jason Robert Brown’s The Last Five Years will be released to movie theaters on Valentine’s Day 2015, we now have our first look at stars Anna Kendrick and Jeremy Jordan in action. Check out below as Kendrick sings her heart out to Jordan while he somehow maintains enough concentration to keep the car he’s driving on the road. Trust us, the experience of eating prosciutto will never be the same again. The Richard LaGravenese-helmed film premiered at the Toronto film festival on September 7. View Commentslast_img read more

Hotter than Normal

first_imgSummer began in Georgia with warmer than normal temperatures throughout the state and shows no signs of relenting before fall. The hotter than normal temperatures with low rainfall led to an expansion of drought over the month and the introduction of extreme drought to two regions in northern Georgia by June’s end. Because of the hot temperatures and lack of rainfall, drought expanded across the northern half of the state. By the end of the month, nearly half the state was in abnormally dry conditions or drought. Severe drought increased from 4 to 25 percent of the state, and two small areas of extreme drought were added. The last time Georgia had any extreme drought was in February 2013. The dry conditions had many impacts on agriculture. Pastures essentially shut down in northern parts of the state, and cattle farmers were feeding cattle hay because the grazing was so poor. Dryland crops suffered from the lack of moisture and the hot conditions, particularly corn in higher locations. Some areas were so dry that late soybeans and other crops could not be planted. Some farmers reported having trouble producing enough vegetables for local markets. Urban landscapers reported that lawns were getting “crunchy” and required extra irrigation. Wine producers, however, noted that the wine grapes this year are almost free of fungal diseases due to the low humidity, and there are less mosquitoes than usual due to the lack of rain. Georgia temperatures were well above normal in June, ranging from one to almost four degrees above the 1981-2010 average. The hottest areas were in the northern part of the state.In Atlanta, the monthly average temperature was 81.0 degrees Fahrenheit, 3.7 degrees above normal; in Athens, Georgia, 80.7 F, 3.2 degrees above normal; in Columbus, Georgia, 81.2 F, 1.4 degrees above normal; in Macon, Georgia, 81.3 F, 2.4 degrees above normal; in Savannah, Georgia, 82.1 F, 2.2 degrees above normal; in Brunswick, Georgia, 81.9 F, 1.6 degrees above normal; in Alma, Georgia, 80.6 F, 0.9 degrees above normal; in Augusta, Georgia, 80.5 F, 1.9 degrees above normal; in Albany, Georgia, 81.9 F, 1.4 degrees above normal; in Rome, Georgia, 79.4 F, 3.4 degrees above normal; and in Valdosta, Georgia, 80.9 F, 1.5 degrees above normal. Macon set a new record high temperature of 101 F on June 17, breaking the old record of 100 F set last year. Brunswick also set record highs of 98 F on June 13 and June 17, breaking the old records of 97 F set in 1998 and 1964, respectively. Alma set record high minimum temperatures on June 13 and June 16 with 77 F and 76 F, topping the old records of 76 F and 74 F set in 2013 and 1976. Several other high temperature records were tied during the month. The highest monthly total precipitation recorded by the National Weather Service was 8.40 inches in Valdosta, at 2.34 inches above normal, and the lowest was in Macon at 1.87 inches, 2.17 inches below normal. Atlanta received 3.26 inches of precipitation, 0.69 inches below normal; Athens received 4.09 inches, 0.09 inches below normal; Columbus received 2.15 inches, 1.57 inches below normal; Savannah received 6.96 inches, 1.01 inches above normal; Augusta received 2.87 inches, 1.85 inches below normal; Alma received 5.20 inches, 0.18 inches below normal; Brunswick received 5.69 inches, 0.85 inches above normal; Albany received 4.41 inches, 0.53 inches below normal; and Rome received 2.28 inches, 1.82 inches below normal. The southeastern part of the state was the wettest, where rainfall from Tropical Storm Colin fell June 6 through June 7. In those areas, that single day of rain made up 30 percent or more of their monthly total. Conditions were even wetter in Florida, where the center of the storm passed. The highest single-day rainfall, according to Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network volunteers, was 5.62 inches, measured north of Boston, Georgia, in Thomas County on June 7, followed by 5.27 inches at Thomasville, Georgia, on the same date Colin passed. The highest monthly rainfall, 11.23 inches, was measured northwest of Savannah in Chatham County, followed by 10.75 inches southwest of Bloomingdale, Georgia, in the same county. Volunteers in Thomas County reported almost 10 inches for the month. Severe weather was observed on 16 days during the month. The most notable was a brief tornado touchdown, identified by videotape, in Reed Bingham State Park in Adel, Georgia, in Cook County, on June 26. Widespread wind damage also occurred throughout the state on June 17. The outlook for July shows a continuation of above-normal temperatures, starting with a very hot week. The month will start dry, but rain may pick up in the last two weeks. The outlook for July through September shows that above-normal temperatures are likely to continue. The best chances of rain will be near the Gulf of Mexico due to tropical activity, which is expected to be more active than usual this season.For more information, see the Climate and Agriculture in the South East blog at,, or visit Email weather and climate impacts on agriculture to be shared on the blog to [email protected]last_img read more

Avian flu reported in European Russia and China

first_imgOct 19, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – New avian influenza outbreaks were reported today in European Russia, China, and Vietnam, as experts said recent outbreaks in Turkey and Romania have strengthened the suspicion that migratory birds are spreading the H5N1 virus.In addition, avian flu was suspected in a Thai man who died of a lung infection after killing and eating chickens that might have had the disease.In Russia, H5N1 has been found in birds south of Moscow, according to a Russian report filed with the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). PCR testing found H5N1 in poultry from Jandovka village, roughly 250 kilometers south of Moscow. The outbreak apparently marks the virus’s first appearance in the European part of Russia, west of the Ural Mountains.About 3,000 birds have been destroyed, the report said. An online report by APK-Inform Information Agency said 220 birds initially died. The OIE report said the village is near a lake where migratory birds were seen a week before the die-off began.A report on an OIE fact-finding mission to Russia said that 163,000 birds had died or been culled between July’s initial outbreak and Oct 7.In China, 2,600 poultry died at a farm in Tengjiaying village in Inner Mongolia, according to United Press International in Beijing today. A Chinese government report submitted to the OIE today said it was a highly pathogenic H5 virus, but the strain had not been fully identified. The report says that 91,100 birds were destroyed and 166,177 birds in Inner Mongolia have been vaccinated with H5N2 vaccine.China’s state-controlled news agency, Xinhua, said culling had controlled the outbreak and that there were no reports of human infections.In Vietnam, about 110 ducks died in the southern province of Bac Lieu, according to Xinhua news agency. The flock, which totaled 300 birds before the outbreak, was culled yesterday.In Thailand, a man from Kanchanaburi Province who was suspected of having avian flu died while being treated in a local hospital, The Nation reported online today for its Oct 20 edition. Thailand has had no confirmed human cases this year.Physicians said Bang-orn Benpad died of a lung infection brought on by common flu, the Bangkok newspaper reported. However, family members said he fell ill after butchering several chickens on his farm that had died of apparent avian flu.Officials at Bangkok’s Siriraj Hospital asked family members for permission to conduct an autopsy, but they declined, saying it was unnecessary if the official cause of death was lung infection, The Nation reported.An Oct 19 story in The Nation said Benpad, 48, had suffered a high fever, bronchitis, and rapid deterioration of his lungs after he cooked and ate sick chickens.Laboratory tests didn’t find H5N1, the head of the medical science department at the hospital said, adding that Benpad once had tuberculosis. (The story in The Nation didn’t say whether that infection had been cured.) H5N1 outbreaks in poultry continue in that region of Thailand.The spread of H5N1 to Russia, Romania, and Turkey has reinforced the theory that migratory waterfowl are spreading the virus, an OIE spokesman told Reuters news service.This week the OIE wrote, “The existence of known migration flyways of several bird species connecting Southeast Asia, Siberia and Europe shows a possibility of the introduction of the H5N1 virus to both eastern and western Europe.” The organization recommended increasing surveillance in the Caspian Sea region.”To assess the risk posed by migratory birds in transporting HPAI [highly pathogenic avian influenza] it is necessary to assess and monitor occurrences of AI in key species at strategic sites and at different times during the migration and breeding cycles of the respective species,” the OIE said.More than one species may be carrying H5N1, Dr. David Swayne, director of the US Department of Agriculture’s Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory in Athens, Ga., told the Canadian Press in a story published today.”It could be several different bird species that can be infected and possibly fly far distances and shed virus and transmit the virus,” he said. “It’s just a matter that no one has found that species yet. The only thing they’ve found has been the dead birds when an outbreak has been found in wild birds.”Recent sampling in Russia and Thailand has detected the H5N1 virus in a surprising number of bird species. In Thailand it has been found in the common Eurasian tree sparrow, pigeons, and mynas, according to a story in, the Malaysian national news agency. The report on the OIE fact-finding mission to Russia says the virus has been found in a variety of birds there, including buzzards, coots, cormorants, garganeys, green sandpipers, oyster catchers, phalaropes, pochards, rooks, sandpipers, sparrowhawks, starlings, teal, and white-headed plovers.”One of our major concerns is now the potential spread of avian influenza through migratory birds to North and Eastern Africa,” said Dr. Joseph Domenech, the chief veterinary officer at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, as quoted in an International Herald Tribune story today. If the disease reaches those areas, it could become widespread in the environment before it is even detected, he said.Also, because people in poorer African nations live in close contact with animals, such a situation would provide plentiful opportunities for bird and human viruses to mix, increasing the risk that the avian virus could gain the ability to spread easily among humans, the story said.”The close proximity between people and animals and insufficient surveillance and disease control capability in eastern African countries create an ideal breeding ground for the virus,” Domenech said.See also:Chinese report to OIE read more

These are the Gold Coast’s top five streets

first_img103-105 Hedges Ave, Mermaid Beach, sold in April for $11.6 million.IT’S long been known as Millionaire’s Row for its stunning mansions and the A-listers who live in them, but now it has a new claim to fame.Hedges Ave at Mermaid Beach has been dubbed the Gold Coast’s best street in a vote by the city’s leading real estate industry identities.The Bulletin asked 20 prominent agents to nominate the best five streets on the Glitter Strip.They were then rated from one-five with the top picks achieving five points down to the fifth choice getting one point.Using this method, the beachfront street came out tops with 63 points and 16 votes.Monaco St at Broadbeach Waters was second; followed by Commodore Drive in Surfers Paradise; Albatross Ave, Mermaid Beach; and Admiralty Drive, Surfers Paradise. 75-77 Monaco St, Broadbeach Waters, sold in March 2017 for $9 millionJohn Henderson Professionals Mermaid Beach director Luke Henderson rated Hedges Ave the best street.“It’s probably the most well-known street in Queensland,” he said.“There’s a lot of high-profile identities that live on the street and a lot of the properties have been under the same ownership for decades.”Mr Henderson said it was the street’s prominent beachfront location with easy access to restaurants and cafes that made it so popular.He thought Albatross Ave would have been rated higher than Monaco St and Commodore Drive for this reason.“One thing that diversifies the Gold Coast from Brisbane and Toowoomba is the beach,” Mr Henderson said.“My view is that the beach is certainly more a destination location than the river.”Kollosche Prestige Agents managing director Michael Kollosche rated Hedges and Albatross avenues equal best, mainly because of the beachfront lifestyle they offered. More from news02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa17 hours ago02:37Gold Coast property: Sovereign Islands mega mansion hits market with $16m price tag2 days ago185/12 Commodore Drive, Surfers Paradise, sold in March 2018 for $2.6 million“It’s also a low-density suburb which means they don’t have significant high-rises, which some other beachside suburbs do,” he said.“It’s an area that’s always going to remain tightly held.”However, he argued the riverfront lifestyle of Monaco St, which he voted second best, also had a lot to offer.Ray White Surfers Paradise chief executive Andrew Bell chose Monaco St as his top pick.“I think it’s a magnificent street with some of the best homes on the Gold Coast,” he said.“They’re really quite different architecturally. None of them are the same.”He argued that the properties were what made Monaco St so popular, which wasn’t necessarily the case with Hedges and Albatross avenues.“It’s lifestyle that drives property values and demand,” Mr Bell said.“It’s the beach that drives Hedges Ave, not the houses.”He wasn’t surprised with the results of the vote but said there were plenty of other areas that would rival them in coming years.“It’s wonderful to see the city is getting greater diversity, that there are now more and more up-and-coming streets that are offering people fantastic properties,” Mr Bell said. Gold Coast top five streets: 1. Hedges Ave, Mermaid Beach2. Monaco St, Broadbeach Waters3. Commodore Drive, Surfers Paradise4. Albatross Ave, Mermaid Beach5. Admiralty Drive, Surfers Paradiselast_img read more